practice practice practice

In a school or college there is time for educators to teach the mechanics of a language in class. However, competence in a language is about the ability to communicate in that language with a reasonable amount of fluency and spontaneity. To achieve this the student needs practice in speaking and writing every day. It’s not rocket science. It's all about practice practice practice. If this is not regular, then fluency and mastery of the language will be deficient.